One Charge-off account can take up to 150 points off an excellent credit score. The higher your score was to start with, the greater the damage will be.
When an account is charged-off it means that a creditor no longer expects to be repaid and writes off the account as a bad debt. A creditor typically waits 180 days, or six months, of non-payment before charging-off a debt.
But a charge-off does not mean you no longer owe the debt. Your creditor will add the charge-off account to your credit reports and continue to attempt to collect on the debt. Creditors may choose to handle collections in one of three ways:
- Try to collect the debt itself.
- Hire a collection agency to collect for them.
- Sell the debt to a collection agency.
Here are 7 Facts about Charge-offs
1. How many points will a credit score decrease?
A charge-off is considered a significant event with regard to your score and will likely have a severe negative impact. FICO, the most widely used credit scoring system says a charge-off can take up to 150 points off a credit score. The higher your score was to start with, the greater the damage will be. And, keep in mind, it’s not just one credit score. Most consumers have at least 3 credit scores — One at Experian, Equifax and Transunion that will be affected.
2. Determine how long a charge-off remains on reports?
The charge-off account will be deleted 7 years from the date of the first missed payment that led to the delinquent status. It is also referred to as the original delinquency date. If a creditor transfers or sells the charge-off account to a collection agency, the original delinquency date that determines how long the charge-off remains on credit reports does not change.
3. Can both a charge-off and subsequent collection account appear on credit reports?
Both the charge-off account and the collection account can appear on credit reports. With both negatives on your credit reports a credit score can really take a dive. The good news is collection accounts are treated as a continuation of the original account. As a result, the original delinquency date also determines when collection accounts are deleted. If a creditor transfers or sells the charge-off account, it does not extend how long the both negatives remain on credit reports. Many times charge-off debt gets sold from one collection to another. But you should not have the same debt reported from two different collection agencies.
4. Can creditors remove charge-offs before 7 years in exchange for payment?
A creditor will almost never agree to remove an accurate charge-off from credit reports. Creditors have a contract with the credit bureaus that they will not remove negative information as a method of collecting debts. But if there are inaccuracies in the charge-off listing they can be disputed. You can always try to get a creditor to delete a charge-off as a gesture of goodwill. But they are not obligated to agree. If you get a settlement agreement with a “deletion” included you have hit a home run. The alternative would be to settle for a notation of “paid” or “closed.” The good news is once a charge-off begins to age, it will have less effect on credit scores.
5. Will entering a payment plan re-start the charge-off removal date?
Entering a payment plan will not restart the clock for removing the charge off from your credit reports. There may be a case of re-starting the clock if you opened a new account and rolled the old debt into it. Because lenders and collection agencies are required to report the original delinquency date of the debt which starts the clock ticking on the 7-year reporting period, that date cannot be changed. The charge-off account will still be removed once the 7 years is up, even if you are now making payments on the debt. Paid charge-offs still have the same negative impact on credit scores but if you are seeking a mortgage or auto loan it looks much better to lenders when charge-off accounts are paid.
6. Creditors can continue to update charge-off accounts
Some creditors may continue to update a charge-off account status monthly for as long as it can remain on credit reports. If the debt has been sold to a collection agency, then the original creditor should be reporting a zero balance on the account.
7. Can you recover credit scores after a charge-off?
All is not lost when you have a charge-off account. You can recover your credit score by making on-time payments on ALL of your other accounts and simply by giving it some time. As the charge-off gets older, it will have less impact on your credit score, especially if it’s outweighed by other positive information.
In a 2014 study by the Urban Institute, Delinquent Debt in America, it was found that among adults who have a credit file:
- 35% of U.S. consumers (77 million) have a debt or unpaid bill that has been sent to collections, and
- 5% of U.S. consumers have a recent debt or bill that is more than 30 days late.
Charge-off accounts should be avoided by any means necessary. It is detrimental to a credit score.